In an effort to control its population
growth, China implemented its well-publicized one-child policy
in 1979. Although successful at curbing the population growth,
the policy reinforced the practice of abandoning newborn girls.
In China, sons are favored because they carry on the family and
they are responsible for taking care of their parents in their
While many provinces in China no longer enforce the one-child
policy, 95% of the children abandoned today are still female.
Although the abundance of girls is one reason families choose
to adopt from China, boys are also available for adoption. Children
born out of wedlock, whether boys or girls, might face abandonment
due to society's unfavorable view toward unwed mothers.
China's adoption program is considered one of the best international
adoption programs in this country. The Chinese government has
established a relatively more stable way of working with international
adoptive families. Unlike other foreign countries that shut down
or suspend their adoption program from time to time, China has
kept the adoption program relatively steady and going for almost
Established in 1996, the China Center of Adoption Affairs (CCAA),
the central authority overseeing all China adoptions, is responsible
for providing a stable and structured adoption process for adoptive
parents. Orphanages and adoption agencies must be approved by
and registered with the CCAA in order to place children.